The city originated around 1195. The name comes from the castle situated on a mountain above the nearby Rur River. It is interesting that this city had a few different ways how it was called. First, it was Mons Ioci. Afterward, it became known as Munioie. Finally, for the longest period, it was Monjoje, which was for about 700 years. The name, which we know now – Monschau – is official only since the World War I when it was Germanized.
The city has a lot of half-timbered houses, which are well preserved and nearly untouched for 300 years. This makes this town quite a popular tourist attraction nowadays.
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